• NASA Space Biomedical Program: The Telecommunications aspect of the NASA space Biomedical Program will be carried out in two phases. The first phase will link the two facilities of the Russian Institute for Biomedical Problems to NASA research laboratories in the U.S. The type of information exchanged will deal primarily with medical problems related to space flight and also the effects of extreme environmental conditions. In the second phase, as many as 20 of the leading clinical research hospitals, which deal with a variety of diseases, could be joined to NASA's telecommunications network, which includes the full range of telecommunications services, including teleconferencing, voice conferencing, telephone, fax, and e-mail. It may be possible to join the 18 diabetes centers to U.S. counterparts via NASA's network or to facilitate the speedy inclusion of the approximately 20 leading Russian clinical research hospitals to the network.

  • NASA is continuing to implement communications services in Russia in support of our joint projects in human space flight, space science, the mission to planet earth, and aeronautics. Currently, NASA has already established capabilities including voice, voice conferencing, video conferencing, fax, e-mail and data exchange with major space facilities in Russia.

  • The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) uses civil signals from U.S. Global Positioning System (GPS) and Russian Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) to expedite early operational implementation of a satellite-based communication / navigation / surveillance (CNS) air traffic management system endorsed by International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) member states.

  • In support of the modernization of the Russian Air Traffic Management (ATM), the FAA is using a Rockwell International Hughes GPS/GLONASS demonstration project, recently funded under the Nunn-Lugar defense conversion program, to demonstrate the economic and technical benefits of transitioning quickly to a satellite-based CNS/ATM system in Russia.