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III. New Community -
>Cracking Down on Drugs
" I'm going to do everything I can to implement the 1995 National Drug Control Strategy...We propose to work more closely
with foreign governments to cut drugs off at the source. We propose to boost community efforts
to educate young people about the dangers and penalties of drug use...We will work to break
the cycle of crime and drugs providing treatment to hardcore drug users, who consume most of
the drugs and cause much of the crime and health problems. And we will punish people who
break the law more severely."
-- President Clinton
February 8, 1995
Background: Illegal Drugs are Still a Problem
Widespread Use. 1 in 3 Americans have used an illicit drug; 1 in 9 have tried
cocaine. Half of high school seniors have tried drugs, and 1 in 5 use them regularly.
Alarming New Trends. Kids: After years of decline, in 1991, we started to see signs
of increasing drug use among adolescents. And surveys show that fewer 8th, 10th and 12th graders have
a clear understanding of the risks associated with drug use -- and are using more drugs. Drug
Availability: Illegal drugs remain readily available to anyone who wants to buy them. Cocaine
and heroine street prices are low and purity is high. And marijuana -- 10 times as potent as
in previous years -- threatens to entice a new generation of drug users.
The Costs of Drug Use. Drugs cost society an estimated $67 billion -- 70% of which
covers crime costs; 30% of which covers health-related costs. That's why, despite shrinking government and
reducing the deficit, the Administration's Drug Strategy/Budget is the largest ever -- $14.6
A Four Part Drug Strategy
Crack Down on Hard-Core Drug Use
Heavy drug users consume a majority of the nation's illegal drug supply. Although hardcore
users account for only about 20% of all cocaine users, they consume about two-thirds of the
available cocaine. And hardcore drug use is linked to a disproportionate amount of crime and
violence. On any given day, more than half the arrestees in our cities test positive for drug
us. Treating these drug users can save us money -- as much as $7 per treatment dollar -- and
reduce crime. That's why our Strategy includes:
$919.8 million for the Substance Abuse Performance Partnership, including a $60 million set-aside for
the heaviest drug users;
$150 million for Drug Courts and $40.2 million for treatment in prisons, so we can use
courts, jails and prisons to turn crime-committing addicts around.
Send a Strong No Use Message to Our Kids
Recent surveys show that adolescent drug -- and the feeling that drugs are cool and
not dangerous -- is on the rise. Studies also show an alarming level of violence in our schools,
much of which is tied to drug use. Our kids need to get a strong no use message on drugs --
as well as on guns and gangs. Our Strategy proposes:
Implementation and funding of the Crime Bill's prevention programs, to help keep kids in school, off
drugs and out of trouble.
Reduce Drug-Related Crime and Violence
Implement the 1994 Crime Bill. The nation took a major step forward when Congress passed the President's Crime Bill. It includes key tools and resource to help communities reduce drug use and trafficking, such as:
100,000 more police in community policing, to do everything from helping break-up open-air drug markets to teaching kids about the dangers of drugs;
multi-jurisdictional drug enforcement task forces;
increased resources for the FBI, Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (BATF); and
Tough Federal Drug Enforcement. The Strategy calls for increased coordination of federal anti-drug enforcement efforts, including:
a new comprehensive initiative to reduce marijuana cultivation;
targeted investigative resources on major drug traffickers;
expanded border control drug enforcement; and
increased coordination with private sector to crack down on money laundering.
Cut Drugs at the Source
Last year, the President signed a Presidential Decision Directive outlining a 4-pronged
strategy to reduce the flow of cocaine from the Andean countries. It includes (1) strengthening
the law enforcement and judicial institutions in source countries; (2) destroying narco-trafficking
organizations; (3) working to interdict drugs at their source as well as en route to the
United States and (4) increasing international cooperation on the drug issue.