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V. American Leadership In the World -
Reducing the Nuclear Threat
"Over the last two years, the United States has made real progress in lifting the threat of nuclear weapons. Now, in 1995, we face a year of particular decision in this
era -- a year in which the United States will pursue the most ambitious agenda to dismantle and fight the spread of weapons of mass destruction since the atom was split."
-- President Clinton March 1, 1995
Nuclear Threat Today
nuclear threats persist despite the end of the Cold War, the Administration has taken strong and effective action to reduce those threats.
Through difficult negotiations, we helped
ensure that no new nuclear powers emerged from the breakup of the Soviet Union. U.S. leadership was critical to winning adherence by Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan to START and to the NPT as non-nuclear weapons states.
START I and II arms control treaties will result in reductions of nearly two-thirds in strategic nuclear forces. Both sides are dismantling nuclear weapons at a steady pace -- up to 2000 weapons a year.
Today, not a single Russian missle
is targeted at America.
Through the Nunn-Lugar program, our nuclear
labs are helping their Russian counterparts upgrade security on nuclear materials and we ve reached agreement with Russia to end verifiably the production of
plutonium for weapons purposes. We also shipped nearly 600 kilograms of weapons-usable uranium from Kazakhstan to safe storage in the United States.
The Administration negotiated an Agreed Framework that for the first time commits
North Korea to freeze and eventually dismantle its existing nuclear program under international monitoring. It also continues strong support for UN and IAEA monitoring of the elimination of Iraq s nuclear, chemical/biological and missile
In other parts of the world, the trend towards proliferation has been reversed as well:
South Africa destroyed its nuclear weapons and adhered to the NPT as a non-nuclear weapons state.
With Russia, we co-sponsored
the Arms Control and Regional Security talks in the Middle East.
We are supporting regional nonproliferation dialogue in South Asia and encouraging weapon-free zones where they can help further reduce the dangers of nuclear proliferation on a regional
We have achieved important agreements with Russia and China to restrain missile-related exports, as well as commitments from other key suppliers -- South Africa, Ukraine, and Argentina -- to observe the guidelines of the Missile Technology
Ensuring America s Security Tomorrow
To continue building America's security, we have a full arms control and nonproliferation agenda:
The United States will work with other nations toward indefinite and unconditional
extension of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, the cornerstone of global nonproliferation efforts. Its internationally verified commitments against nuclear proliferation create a dependable security environment, bolster
regional stability and make possible further arms control and disarmament measures.
The President has urged the Senate to give its advice and consent to ratification of START II and the Chemical Weapons Convention, whichwill ban poison gas
We are pushing to conclude a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and a global ban on the production of fissile material for weapons.
The Administration will continue to fight against international terrorism and redouble our efforts to stop
nuclear smuggling and nuclear-related crimes through stepped-up cooperation with our allies.
We are leading efforts to replace COCOM with a new international export control regime that will limit the flow of sensitive technology and conventional
arms to potential proliferators, such as Iran.
We are seeking the ratification of the Convention on Conventional Weapons, which will advance U.S. efforts to reduce the suffering caused by the indiscriminate use of antipersonnel landmines.
working to negotiate legally-binding measures to strengthen the Biological and Toxin Weapons